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Minister Thoko Didiza: South African Bee Industry Organisation Honey Fraud Workshop

20 May 2021

Opening Statement by Minister at the SABIO Honey Fraud Workshop

It is my singular honour and privilege that I participate in your workshop today. This workshop is taking place at a time when we are all anxious about the rising numbers of Covid-19 nationally. The Covid-19 pandemic has disrupted both our economic and social life. Given the current situation, we will have to find ways in which we need to learn to live with this virus. In doing so we will have to continue using the nonpharmaceutical protocols as directed by our Ministry of Health. We also want to encourage those above 60 years of age to register for vaccination.  
It is important to appreciate what our government did in allowing that the agricultural sector should continue to operate even during the intense lockdown level 5. 
I still remember how we had to ensure that the regulations should allow the beekeepers and their workers to operate. This was critical given that beekeeping is part of the agricultural sector. Secondly, the demand for honey was on the increase.  
This is good news for the industry, however, it also spells trouble where scrupulous players commit various cases of fraud by introducing in the market products that do not meet the standards. 
It is therefore important to have a workshop such as the one we are having to examine and reflect on what is happening in this industry. 
Importantly this workshop is taking place during World Bee Day. 

Jose Graziano da Silva in highlighting the World Bee Day has this to say “World Bee Day presents an opportunity to recognise the role of beekeeping, bees and other pollinators in increasing food security, improving nutrition and fighting hunger as well as in providing key ecosystem services for agriculture.” 
Food and Agriculture Organisation highlight some facts and figures on the importance of this industry:
1. Three out of four crops across the globe producing fruits or seeds for human use as food depend, at least in part, on pollinators 
2. Improving pollinator’s density and diversity boosts crop yields pollinators affect 35% of global agricultural land supporting the production of 87 of leading food crops worldwide. 
3. Pollinator-dependent food products contribute to healthy diets and nutrition. 
4. Safeguarding bees safeguards biodiversity: the vast majority of pollinators are wild including over 20 000 species of bees. 
Chairperson, these facts about the role of pollination and pollinators are critical in understanding the role the beekeeping industry plays in the entire value chain. 
It is also important that the importance of inaction also speaks to the importance of pollinators which are bees, birds, bats and many more. Ensuring that these pollinators continue to thrive requires a serious discussion about managing our biodiversity well.  
Other issues we need to reflect on is climate change and its impact on the pollinators such as bees. Can this call for the conservation of these pollinators as the debate is happening in other jurisdictions?  
The changing nature of agricultural practices might also pose a threat to our pollinators. 
These are issues that I think as an industry we need to start to deliberate on. 
I have spoken a bit about our pollinators.  But the sweetest product they produce is equally important for human life. Yes, they make life sweet. Honey is used in a number of food products, but it also contains many other useful and beneficial substances. Some of these have been used for time immemorial by our people. 
In the modern days, honey is used as a sweetener and serves as an alternative to cane sugar. It is also used in a number of beverages and other food items. 
So, we need to know what genuine honey is and what is not? This is important to address issues of mislabeling and fraud. At a government level, we have amended the Agriculture Products Standards Act in order to improve our regulatory framework. This will also enable us to examine claims that are at times made by producers or processors on what is actually used in the production process which makes people make claims about their foodstuff.