By Marietjie Brown, Sustainability and Government Affairs Lead, IMETA
Home to more than 80% of the world’s terrestrial biodiversity, forests are the lungs of the earth and provide essential ecosystem services, such as carbon sequestration, water filtration, and soil conservation.
In Africa, sustainable forestry practices have the potential to promote circular economies by ensuring that resources are managed in a way that maximises their ecological, social, and economic benefits while minimising waste and negative environmental impacts.
According to Earth.Org, 26 percent of Africa’s land is occupied by forests which are home to some 43 billion trees. But nearly 4 million hectares of these forests are being cut down each year, at almost double the speed than the world’s deforestation average. While deforestation has decreased globally in recent years, the rate of loss of forest area in Africa has increased steadily since 1990, weakening the ability of the continent’s ecosystem to withstand climate change.
Here in South Africa, the situation is not much different. Findings by Global Forest Watch show that from 2001 to 2020, South Africa lost almost 1.5million hectares of tree cover, equivalent to a 25% decrease since the start of the century.
But there is potential for change in the country and across the continent.
Africa contains more restorable lands than any other part of the Earth – giving us the opportunity to spearhead global initiatives to rebuild healthy ecosystems and offset carbon emissions. Our forests play a critical role in sustainable development, from combating soil erosion in agricultural fields to mitigating the effects of climate change. Importantly too, South Africa’s rich biodiversity and forestry landscapes are inextricably connected to socioeconomic development, especially in adjacent rural communities.
These communities largely benefit directly through employment opportunities, supply of firewood and charcoal, access to grazing, and harvesting of non-wood products. It is for these reasons that the sustainable management of forests and trees becomes imperative so that these communities can continuously enjoy the benefits that are directly or indirectly derived from such ecosystems.
This means refocusing on the utilization, management, and conservation of our forest resources in a manner that ensures the ecological, cultural, social, and economic integrity of the ecosystem. We also need to drive inclusivity in the use and management of forests and forest-based enterprises. In this regard, forest-adjacent communities can be key partners in resource monitoring, fire prevention and control, tree planting, and tree plantation maintenance.
The private sector has a huge role to play in this regard, and companies which rely on forest resources are taking action to go beyond eliminating negative impacts and grow their positive impacts beyond the boundary of their business. One such company is global logistics and supply chain solutions company, CHEP, which is pioneering a regenerative concept focused on restoring, replenishing, and then creating more value or capital for society and the environment than the business takes out.
CHEP Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has a forestry portfolio of 18 pine-timber farms in South Africa covering an area in excess of 7 500ha of standing pine plantations. With timber being such an integral part of its operations, the company has embraced forest-positive goals as part of its 2025 Global Sustainability Targets, enabling the sustainable growth of two trees for every tree that is used, one tree for the pallet and the other for the planet.
Third-party Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) has shown that CHEP pallets use 3,5 times less wood, generate 2,5 times less waste, and emit 2,3 times less CO2, compared with the main market alternative. Another noteworthy contribution from CHEP-owned plantations is the effect it has on surrounding communities. Employment opportunities are created for the locals on the CHEP farms as well as the opportunity to harvest reeds on the farms for the manufacture of reed mats. Alien timber is also supplied to the surrounding communities to be used as firewood.
Sustainable forestry practices like these help to ensure that the resources necessary for a circular economy are available both now and in the future.
By conserving forests, minimizing waste, and promoting the use of renewable resources, sustainable forestry practices help to ensure that forest-based industries can contribute to sustainable economic development while preserving natural resources for future generations.
 CHEP uses Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) to better understand their products environmental footprint and have commissioned a third – party independent expert, RCD Environment, to quantify the environmental benefits of the system. The LCA is a standardised, science-based tool for evaluating the environmental impact of a product through its life cycle including extraction and processing of the raw materials, manufacturing, distribution, use, recycling, and final disposal of product.